Henry Peach Robinson established two aspects as the key parameters for realizing the beauty of a scene. The effects of these two elements can be clearly understood in one of his pictures of women gossiping on the beach.
The Artistic Sight of Henry Peach Robinson
In his book Pictorial Effect in Photography, Henry Peach Robinson talks about the significance of having an artistic perception. Regarding this, he wrote a separate chapter called The Faculty of Artistic Sight so that he can articulate the idea. But before that, it needs to be noted that he termed the approach as ‘artistic sight’ and not ‘artistic vision’. So it is clear that Robinson regarded the procedure not as imagination but as interpretation. That is the manner in which one interprets what is in front of them and captures the moment accordingly.
Further elaborating about the central idea of an artistic sight, Robinson writes:
“He who studies the various effects and character of form, and light and shade, and examines and compares those characters and effects, and the manner in which they are combined and arranged, both in pictures and nature, will be better qualified to discover and enjoy scenery than he to whom this study has never appeared necessary, or who looks at nature alone without having acquired any just principles of selection.”
Therefore, one can realize the beauty of a scene only when they clearly discern the arrangements of light and shade. Secondly, they should understand the interplay of forms in the scene. Thus these two elements in a rhythmic arrangement evoke best the essence of a scene. Since Robinson originally was a painter, the usage of photography merely for documentation did not appeal to him. Instead, he endeavored towards producing poetic compositions of these two elements.
Gossiping on the Beach
Henry Peach Robinson had become highly adept with his art by the time he captured the above composition. He created it in 1885 when he was 54 or 55 and called it Gossip on the Beach. As indicated by the title, the picture shows a few women gossiping on the beach. Here, the artist presents a perfect rhythm of form. This he attains by observing the picture as two halves and establishing a balance between them.
The woman who has taken an elevated position on the right half has been balanced by another woman on the left sitting at the same level. Thus the two women appear even as one talks while the other listens. Similarly, Robinson arranges the rest of the foreground through a balance of forms. The abundance of picnic items of the right balances the density of the characters on the left.
The density of forms on the foreground contrasts with the sea, bringing an acute rhythm. The observer is looking at the subjects in front but is also conscious of the vastness of the sea behind. This has been possible because Robinson has emphasized both aspects equally.
happy looking people
The arrangement of the forms also relies on the expression presented by each form. The gesture of each person renders her to be uniquely identifiable. While this is not difficult for the two elevated women, those sitting or lying on a lower plane each have distinctive body languages.
The woman on the left with her hands behind her head contrasts with the next woman who raises her head to listen. The first has a relaxed form while the second has an alarming form. The child lying in the middle contrasts with the woman lying in the frame’s right. The contrast occurs not only through direction but also due to light and shade. This brings us to the second parameter established by Robinson.
Light balancing with Shade
The picture also uses the arrangement of light and shade to highlight both the women and the sea. The women gossiping on the beach are wearing darker colors and their forms produce shades. In contrast, the sea reflects gleaming light that shines evenly as the noon sun falls on it. The arrangement of light and shade thus is not subtle but almost striking which establishes a distinct gap between these two layers.
A closer look at the foreground reveals that the shades of the clothes of each woman alternate between light and dark. The clothes thus contribute further towards clearly distinguishing each person.